General Chemistry II. Chemical Reactions
Proferssor_ Andrei Zagorodni

The course will be taught within the subject "General Chemistry. Basic Chemical Principles". It is complimentary to the first part "General Chemistry I. Matter". These two courses are recommended to be studied as a sequence however the strict requirements is not imposed. The pre-requirements for the students subscribing: successfully complete the course "General Chemistry I. Matter", or complete any other freshmen chemical course, or indicate sufficient knowledge obtained through practical experience. Special cases can be considered. @@The two courses cover all main chemical principles. A student successfully competed the course will be able to say: "I know and understand what is chemistry, chemical terminology, basic chemical approaches". Would the student wish to continue his or her education in the direction of natural science, he or she will be ready to subscribe and successfully start more specific chemical courses (for example, Analytical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Chemistry of Elements, Physical Chemistry, etc.).
1. Atoms, Molecules and Ions
	1.1. The Mole
	1.2. Moles in Solution; Molarity

2. Chemical Formulas and Equations
	2.1. Stoichiometry, Mass Relations in Reactions

3. The Electronic Structure of Atoms and Molecules
	3.1. The Quantum Theory
	3.2. The Quantum Mechanical Atom
	3.3. Quantum Numbers, Energy Levels, Orbitals
	3.4. The Electron Configuration in Atoms
	3.5. Atomic Orbitals
	3.6. Expanded Octets
	3.7. Molecular Orbitals

4. Reactions Related to Different Types of Chemical Bounding
	4.1. Ionic Reactions
	4.2. Formation of Covalent Bound
	4.3. Hydrogen Bond, Structure of Water
	4.4. Contribution of van der Waals Forces

5. Gases, Liquids, Solids
	5.1. Avogadro's Law
	5.2. Volumes of Gases Involved in Reactions
	5.3. Mixtures of Gases, Dalton's Law
	5.4. Kinetic Theory of Gases
	5.5. Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium

6. Thermodynamics
	6.1. Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions
	6.2. Thermochemical Equations
	6.3. Heats of Formation
	6.4. Energy, Enthalpy, Entropy, and the First Law of Thermodynamics
	6.5. The Second Law of Thermodynamics
	6.6. Spontaneity of Reaction

7. Rate of Chemical Reaction
	7.1. Reaction Rate and Concentration
	7.2. Reactant Concentration and Time
	7.3. Activation Energy
	7.4. Reaction Mechanisms
	7.5. Catalysis

8. Chemical Equilibrium
	8.1. Constant of Chemical Reaction
	8.2. Dependence of the Equilibrium On External Conditions
	8.3. Dependence Between the Free Energy Change and Reaction Constant

9. Precipitation Reactions
	9.1. Solubility of Ionic Solids
	9.2. Solubility Equilibriums

10. Acids and Bases
	10.1. Water Dissociation, pH
	10.2. Strong and Weak Acids and Bases
	10.3. Acid-Base Properties of Salts
	10.4. Acid-Base Reactions

11. Coordination Compounds
	11.1. Formation of complex Ions
	11.2. Geometry of Complex Ions
	11.3. Electronic Structures of Complex Ions

12. Red-Ox Reactions
	12.1. Balancing Red-Ox Equations
	12.2. Electrolytic Cells, Voltaic Cells
	12.3. Electrolysis
	12.4. Corrosion of Metals